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  • What is the Treatment and Prevention of Obesity?

What is the Treatment and Prevention of Obesity?

Prevention of Obesity

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Over the last several decades, obesity has become a leading cause of death across the globe. As more and more people get embroiled in hectic lifestyles, the time isn’t far when obesity will shape up into an epidemic. There are a lot of factors that can be linked to obesity, but living a sedentary life, eating fast food and not getting enough exercise are the major factors that lead to obesity.

Understanding obesity can significantly help in improving the present condition. Awareness about its causes, treatment and prevention is the need of the hour.

What is Obesity?

Obesity is a health condition wherein the accumulated body fat is so much that it might have a negative effect on health.

How to Know if You’re Obese?

If your bodyweight is at least 20% higher than it should be, you can be considered to be obese.

To know your right body weight, you’ll have to check your Body Mass Index (BMI). BMI is your weight in kilograms divided by the square of your height in meters. If you have a high BMI, it can be an indicator of high body fat.

BMI implications

  • BMI less than 18.5 – Underweight
  • BMI is 18.5 to <25 – Normal
  • BMI is 25.0 to <30 – Overweight
  • BMI is 30.0 or higher – Obese

Here’s What Obesity Can Do To You

Obesity is a serious and chronic health condition that can have a harmful impact on your body. People who are obese have a much greater risk of developing serious conditions compared to others.

Firstly, extra fat on your body puts extra stress on your bones, joints, and organs, making them work harder than otherwise. Too much body fat raises your blood pressure and cholesterol, increasing your risk of developing heart disease. It can also worsen conditions like osteoarthritis, back pain, asthma, and sleep apnea.

Further, too much fat causes inflammation that can damage cells. Obesity has also been linked to several types of cancers and also to type II diabetes.

If you’re wondering how you can prevent obesity, read on.

Whether you’re obese, overweight or at risk of developing obesity in the future, you can take a few simple steps daily to keep obesity at bay.

Here’s what you can do –

  • Avoid fast food– Eating too much fast food can make you gain weight very quickly. As fast food contains too many calories, consuming fast food like burgers, fries, sandwiches, etc. on a regular basis can make you obese.
  • Eat healthy– Follow a healthy eating plan- eat low-calorie, nutrient-dense foods, such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
  • Exercise regularly– Physical activity is needed to stay healthy and fit. Even if you cannot make time out of your busy schedule, you can try walking to office or college, every day for some distance. Walking, jogging, cycling, swimming, playing sports, etc. can help keep you from gaining extra fat.
  • Limit alcohol– Alcohol can make you gain weight too fast. Limit your alcohol consumption and be sure to choose foods that promote good health.
  • Monitor your weight regularly– Monitoring your weight regularly to know whether your efforts are working. If you detect small weight gains, you can work on it before it gets too late.

Obesity treatments can include the following:

There is no ‘magic wand’ to treat obesity. Treating obesity takes time, but in order to keep obesity at bay you will have to ensure that you undertake possible steps to prevent it. The goal of obesity treatment is to reach and stay at a healthy weight.

Here are the Types of Obesity Treatments Available –

Dietary Changes

Reducing calorie intake and practicing healthier eating habits can help in improving obesity. Dietary change is considered to be the safest way to lose weight and even the best way to maintain a healthy weight permanently. However, one should avoid unrealistic dieting, such as crash diets, because it may affect your body systems in a negative way.

Exercise and Activity

Exercise is an essential part of obesity treatment. In order to stay fit, you will have to maintain normal weight. Regular exercise or even simply walking can help a lot in burning the extra fat. You can enroll in a weight loss program wherein dieticians will decide a diet chart and exercise pattern according to your condition, to help you lose weight.

Prescription Weight-Loss Medications

In certain situations, dieting and exercise are not enough to reach the desired weight. This is when prescription weight-loss medication may help. But, weight-loss medication must be used along with diet and exercise to reach the best results.

Weight-Loss Surgery

There may be cases where obesity cannot be managed through the above mentioned ways. Highly obese people can choose weight-loss surgery or bariatric surgery. Weight-loss surgery offers the best before opting for it.

As no two people are same, therefore health conditions will be different as well. Hence, if you are suffering from obesity it is advisable to get in touch with a professional to know what would be the best treatment path for you.

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