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What are the causes and symptoms of coronary heart disease?

Coronary Heart Disease

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Coronary heart disease is a condition in which a substance called plaque builds up inside the walls of coronary arteries that provide oxygen rich blood to the heart muscle. Over time plaque can harden or rupture. A hardened plaque can limit the arteries and lessens the flow of oxygen rich blood to the heart, and in case of a rupture, it can completely obstruct the blood supply.

India will soon become the coronary heart disease capital of the world bearing the largest burden of heart disease globally. Coronary heart disease is principally liable for the losses because of heart ailments. According to the recent estimation, the number of cases of cardiovascular diseases in the world has been reported the highest in India says, Dr.Nikhil Kumar, Director of Cardiology, Fortis Member of Research Institute Gurgaon.

As per the survey conducted by Saffola Life Study, Some shocking facts came into existence, that stated the heart diseases are more prevalent in the younger generation. Recently many heart diseases of younger generation age group (25-35) are being reported at the hospitals owing to the poor lifestyle of the people of this age group.

Time plays a vital role in Coronary heart disease, Understanding and recognising the symptoms well in time can save someone’s life. However, for that, one should first know, What are the symptoms of coronary heart disease?

List of symptoms of the coronary heart disease:

Pressure, discomfort, heaviness or squeezing chest pain.
Recurring pain in upper body such as arms, jaw, neck, back, or upper stomach.
Cough
Aching, burning
Swelling
Dizziness, sweating ,nausea
Irregular pulse or rapid increase in pulse
Shortness of breath
Fatigue and weakness

Understanding and discovering just the symptoms of the coronary heart disease may not help us alone to save one’s life. Along with this, we all need to be aware of the causes that lead to heart diseases.

Causes of Coronary Heart Disease

Sedentary lifestyle
High blood pressure
High cholesterol
Diabetes
Obesity
Eating unhealthy processed junk food
Pollution
Depression and mental stress
Over consumption of alcohol
Smoking

These are controllable factors to some extent, but there are certain uncontrollable causes of the coronary heart disease. They are-

Increasing age factor
Family history of heart diseases

According to Indian Heart Association (IHA), “50% of all heart attacks in Indians occur with the people who are below 50 years of age, and 25% of all heart attacks in Indians happen to those individuals who have not even touch the age of 40. People living in urban areas are three times more prone to heart diseases than people living in villages. These are the consequences of living an unhealthy lifestyle, staying inactive, and eating non-healthy food.

It has been conspicuous, that lack of knowledge towards the causes and symptoms of coronary heart disease often causes a delay in handling the situation and can take away a loved one’s life.

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