Knowing ‘how to control diabetes’ is very important, as poorly controlled diabetes can lead to a number of complications of the kidneys, heart, nerves, skin and blood vessels. These complications can be fatal, and this is why diabetes is one of the leading causes of deaths across the world.
Prevention and control of diabetes can only be possible if there is awareness about it among the people. Diabetes can be prevented and treated at the initial level by incorporating the right lifestyle changes and medication.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic medical condition that develops either when the pancreas doesn’t synthesize enough insulin or when the insulin produced in the body cannot be effectively utilized. Insulin is a hormone that is produced by pancreas, which helps in the regulation of blood sugar in the body.
Diabetes can be of two types – Type I and Type II. Both the diabetes types are characterized by higher than normal blood sugar levels, but the cause and development of the diseases are different. There are a number of ways to prevent diabetes, so, if you feel you have the symptoms of diabetes or it is a disease than runs in your family, you must consult a diabetes specialist in Delhi or in your city.
Why Diabetes Control is Necessary
Living with diabetes can seem like a challenge as you need to monitor your blood glucose levels, observe your diet, and take medications, including insulin. But, once you get a drift of the whole process, you can easily control diabetes and keep the complications at bay. However, if your diabetes is not controlled in the right way, it can badly affect your health in the years to come.
Uncontrolled blood sugar levels for a long time can affect different organs in the body, and can lead to life threatening complications such as blindness, kidney failure, heart disease and other serious conditions. Hence, it is very important to take steps to control diabetes, right from the start, and be aware about the prevention and control of diabetes.
If you notice any possible diabetes symptoms, contact an expert diabetes doctor in Delhi or near you. The earlier your condition is diagnosed, the sooner your treatment can begin, and in turn it will help in keeping the symptoms and complications in control.
Causes of Diabetes
Before you understand that ‘how to control diabetes’ or ‘how to prevent diabetes’, it is important to understand the causes of the disease. As we know, there are two types of diabetes – Type I and Type II, and the underlying cause depends upon the type of disease.
No matter what type of diabetes you have, it can lead to excess sugar in your blood, and too much sugar in your blood can lead to serious health problems.
There is not one specific cause of diabetes, and this is because the causes of diabetes vary depending on the individual and the type. However, development of the disease may depend upon your genetic makeup, family history, ethnicity, health and environmental factors.
Causes of Type I Diabetes
Type I diabetes is an autoimmune disorder, and its exact cause is still not known. But, the disease is genetic, and more often than not it runs in the family. In Type I diabetes, the immune system destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. This causes diabetes as the pancreas does not produce enough insulin to metabolize sugar. It is called an autoimmune reaction as the body starts attacking itself.
There is not one or any specific cause for the disease, but the following elements may trigger Type I diabetes –
Causes of Type II Diabetes
As with Type I diabetes, there no known cause of Type II diabetes. The probable causes of Type II diabetes include pancreatic cell dysfunction or any disorders with cell signaling and regulation. It is also considered to be hereditary, and obesity and/or too much glucose from the liver can increase the risk of insulin resistance.
There are a variety of risk factors for Type II diabetes, including: –
If you are living with diabetes, you need to take responsibility of your medical condition and your health. You must take every possible step to control diabetes in the right way. Being informed about the causes and prevention of diabetes and how to look after your health, can be a big step to living a healthy and prolonged life.
Prevention and Control of Diabetes
Although there are certain factors such as your genes, age, etc. that are out of your control, still there are many ways to prevent diabetes by controlling the factors that you can. A healthy diet, regular exercise, normal body weight and avoiding tobacco and alcohol, can be helpful in preventing diabetes.
Here are some tips that can help you lower your risk of developing diabetes-
Maintain a Healthy Body Weight
Gaining too much weight can lead to obesity, and obesity in turn can increase your risk for a number of chronic diseases, including diabetes. Not everyone who suffers from diabetes is obese, but being obese is one of the risk factors for diabetes. Carrying excess weight in the midsection and/or around abdominal organs like the liver can increase your diabetes risk.
Stress can be really bad for your health, and if you have raised blood sugar levels it can be more damaging. As during stress, hormones such as glucagon and cortisol are secreted, and these hormones cause a spike in blood sugar levels. In order to keep a tab on your blood sugar levels, it is very important to manage stress. To control diabetes, you can practice yoga exercises and spiritual healing.
Do Regular Exercise
Regular exercise not only helps in maintaining a healthy body weight but also keeps many chronic diseases at bay. Physical exercise doesn’t mean that you will have to bend your back at the gym. Routine physical activity like brisk walking, cycling, swimming or playing a sport can be excellent ways to keep yourself fit.
Avoid Junk Food
Junk food is loaded with fat, but lacks nutritional value. Eating too much junk food can have a detrimental effect on your health. The hydrogenated fats present in junk food can cause obesity, atherosclerosis, hypertension, diabetes and heart diseases.
Lower Your Sugar Consumption
Lowering the amount of sugar you consume daily can be really helpful in reducing your diabetes risk. Eating sugary foods, sugar-loaded beverages and refined carbs can up your risk of developing diabetes.
Eat more Fiber-Rich Foods
Consume foods that are rich in fiber as they help keep blood sugar levels steady by controlling big spikes and drops in the sugar levels. Consuming fiber-rich foods also helps reduce insulin resistance as it slows down sugar absorption, and also aids in digestion. Add fiber-rich foods like fruits and vegetables, beans, legumes, and whole-grains like barley, quinoa and oats, to your diet.
Limit Alcohol Consumption
Drinking too much alcohol can lead to weight gain, which in turn can lead to high blood pressure. If you consume alcohol, limit your intake to two drinks if you are a man, and one drink if you are a woman.
Smoking is known to increase your risk of developing diabetes. People who smoke have double the risk of developing diabetes compared to the ones who do not. Hence, quitting smoking is a big step towards keeping diabetes at bay.
Consume More Vitamins
Vitamins boost the body’s immunity system and support the body’s ability to keep blood sugar at healthy levels. Vitamin B3, B6, B12, C, D, E, and K, are some vitamins that you need to add to your diet to keep your blood sugar levels normal.
Diabetes can’t be cured, but it can certainly be managed to ensure a healthy and prolonged life. These little steps daily can turn out to be a big leap, helping in the prevention and control of diabetes. Consult Intelligent Ageing, a diabetes specialist clinic in Delhi that offers a preventive healthcare approach to control diabetes, to live a healthier and happier life.