As per a fact sheet by the World Health Organization, the problem of obesity has grown to triple its size since the year 1975. In 2016, around 39% of the adults worldwide were overweight, and about 13% of them were obese. Obesity is known to kill more people than overweightness.
41 million children of 5 years of age or under were also obese.
The above stats show that obesity is a chronic problem and it is growing. But, the good thing is that with awareness and some amount of hard work, you cannot only treat this disorder but also prevent it.
However, the solution to the obesity epidemic is not simple, which is why you need to know and understand as much about it as you can. Here is some help:
A little into the background of obesity
Obesity is a serious, lingering health disorder that can adversely affect several systems in your body. This disorder has been known to cause various health complications in individuals such as high blood pressure, metabolic syndrome, heart disease, atherosclerosis, high blood cholesterol, diabetes, sleep disorders, and so on.
Although both obesity and overweightness have to do with an excessive increase in weight, obesity is a more complex issue than overweightness. Where overweightness means an abnormal increase in your body weight, obesity refers to an excessive increase in the accumulated fat in your body. Now remember that your body weight constitutes of a lot of factors including your body fat, muscles, bones and water content.
Measuring the BMI or Body Mass Index (the statistical measurement of one’s weight and height) of an individual is how doctors determine whether they are obese or overweight.
A normal healthy individual has a BMI of somewhere between 18.5-24.9 kg/ sq. m., but for an overweight person, the BMI would range around 25 kg/m2 or higher. However, for a person to be obese, his Body Mass Index has to be 30 kg/m2 or above.
What are the Causes/Risk Factors?
Technically, the fat in your body increases when you consume more fat/calories than you are burning. One of the simplest ways to burn fat is physical activities. However, like all chronic illnesses, the reasons for obesity are much broader than just this.
To better understand what the causes of obesity are, you need to know the significant obesity risk factors, such as –
Obesity is also one of the abnormalities for certain genetic diseases such as Cohen syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome and Frohlich syndrome.
No two people are the same, which is why to reverse your obesity symptoms you need a health plan that works best for your body. The treatment for obesity depends as much upon the cause as it does on the types of obesity, its severity and complication. Some of the effective ways on how to reduce obesity include: –
Dietary changes – Making dietary changes is one of the first steps that you have to take, to get rid of obesity eventually. You will need to reduce your regular calorie count and include cleaner and healthier options in your diet. Start with curbing refined carbohydrates, sugar consumption (food or drink) and excess fats. Go for fresh green vegetables, seasonal fruits, lean proteins and fiber-rich food items instead.
However, you need to stay clear from things like crash-dieting as these would do you more harm than good. As desperate as you might feel, trying to lose weight quickly by consuming too little food will not only increase your health problems, but most certainly flop the whole plan. You must seek the help of a dietician or a doctor to formulate your diet plan.
Healthy lifestyle choices – To cut down on obesity, you will have to burn up your body’s accumulated fat, and for that you will need to move your body. It might be difficult for you to break into physical activities all at once, which is why you must start with including simpler tasks such as brisk walking, and then eventually move up.
Once you weave physical activities into your present lifestyle, it is likely to transform into a long-term habit.
Medications – Many individuals suffering from obesity symptoms take help of prescription drugs to shed the extra body weight. But the thing with these sorts of drugs is that once you stop taking these, your overweightness quickly kicks back in. Many doctors suggest that any patient must only consider medication when it is the last resort, when you have failed to lose weight through other strategies.
You must always consult a qualified healthcare professional before you start taking any sort of medications. Certain medications come with side effects and must not be taken if you are pregnant, have a family history of cardiovascular diseases, have high blood pressure etc.
Surgical procedures – Bariatric surgery, also described as weight loss surgery, is another treatment strategy for obesity. This is something that morbidly obese people go for once conservative methods fail to be of help. In case of bariatric surgery, weight loss is attained by reducing the size of the stomach with the help of a gastric band or removing a portion of the stomach.
Besides the above, making changes in social and environmental conditions can also help with your treatment program, since these also are among the causes of obesity.
Just like obesity treatment programs, the strategies for obesity prevention include those steps that can help you lose unhealthy weight, and maintain a healthy one. The top things that can aid you in obesity prevention are –
Intelligent Ageing is a client-focused, creative platform that employs preventive healthcare and functional medicine to offer obesity treatment in Delhi. With an aim to transform lives and empower people, the professionals here focus on the whole person and not just a set of symptoms. The doctors here empower their clients to make dietary and lifestyle changes using a system-oriented approach that involves factors such as natural therapies, emerging technologies, sound planning, inspiration and motivation.
It is the successful amalgam of all these features that make this platform, and Intelligent Ageing a leading obesity clinic in Delhi. Visiting this place, you are sure to find the necessary help and guidance that will help you overcome the effects of obesity or prevent them from occurring, in case you are at risk.