To begin with, the word “thyroid” refers to a butterfly shaped gland that’s located in the front of one’s neck at the base (just below Adam’s apple in males). Thyroid gland is a part of our endocrine system, and has two lobes, right and left, connected by an isthmus. The thyroid is responsible for controlling one’s metabolism and releases hormones which regulate various bodily functions such as weight, heart rate and blood pressure.
Thyroid cancer generally results from a mutation or change in the cells. Cells keep multiplying rapidly, and once there are enough of them, these cells go on to form a tumour.
Thyroid doctors in Delhi explain that thyroid cancer is among the most common types of endocrine cancer. However, the good thing here is that if diagnosed in time, thyroid cancer can be treated.
Types of Thyroid cancer
Shocking though it may sound, as per top thyroid specialists in Delhi NCR, thyroid cancer has various types, including: –
Medullary Thyroid Cancer – It occurs in non-thyroid cells, and is treated differently than any other type of thyroid cancers. This sort of thyroid cancer can occur as a part of a syndrome of endocrine gland cancers, and often has a genetic component attached to it. In the absence of a genetic component, this cancer is sporadic in nature. What gives it away is that in this type of cancer, a hormone called calcitonin is produced in the body, which can be detected through blood test.
Papillary Thyroid Cancer – Papillary thyroid cancer is the most common type of cancer. For people suffering from thyroid cancer, chances are that they are suffering from this type. This cancer occurs more commonly in child-bearing women. Papillary thyroid cancer develops slowly but tends to spread to the nymph nodes in the neck. Despite its common occurrence, this type of cancer is less dangerous than others, and can be treated.
Follicular Thyroid Cancer – As is suggestive, follicular thyroid cancer occurs in the follicular cells of the thyroid gland. However, what makes this type of cancer grave is that it tends to spread not just to lymph nodes but blood vessels as well. Hurthle cell cancer is an example of an aggressive and rare type of follicular thyroid cancer.
Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer – As per thyroid doctors in Delhi, this is a severe type of cancer. Anaplastic thyroid cancer is rare, mostly aggressive, and the toughest to treat among all types.
Thyroid Lymphoma – Thyroid lymphoma is a very rare disease which is extranodal, meaning it occurs outside the lymphatic system. The occurrence of this type of thyroid cancer takes place from the lymphocytes within the thyroid gland.
Major symptoms of thyroid cancer that you need to know of
Doctors who provide expert thyroid treatment in Delhi infer that people suffering from thyroid cancer often show few to no symptoms at all. The key to diagnosing thyroid cancers is through routine examination of the neck. Doctors further state that thyroid cancers have also been detected via x-rays and imaging scans done for completely different purposes.
A few of the symptoms that thyroid cancer patients may come across as the ailment progresses, include –
What can thyroid cancer do to you?
What makes thyroid cancer intimidating is the fact that it is the kind of cancer that recurs. Specialists offering thyroid treatment in Delhi bring to light that cases of recurrence can happen even after the removal of thyroid gland from an individual’s body.
An explanation for this could be the spreading of microscopic cancer cells beyond the gland before surgery. A few of the sites where thyroid cancer can recur include lymph nodes and small pieces of thyroid tissue left behind post-surgery.
Thyroid cancer, like any other major disease, is concerning. However, with some awareness and care, you can still free yourself from its clutches. If you suspect some issue in the region where your thyroid is, it’s best to see a doctor for the same. They can recommend thyroid scans and blood tests, thus saving you a lot of unnecessary hassle and botheration.