Diabetes affects the body’s ability to produce or respond to insulin, which leads to high blood sugar in the body. The first symptoms of diabetes are so subtle that most people just ignore them as being insignificant. If diabetes is left untreated, it can not only decrease your quality of life, but also life expectancy. This makes it important to diagnose diabetes early. Here are 9 symptoms of diabetes that you need to look-out for:
The most common symptoms of diabetes are increased thirst (polydipsia) and frequent urination (polyuria). When a person suffers from diabetes, the kidneys are unable to absorb all the excess sugar. The excess sugar instead ends up in the urine, taking along fluids from your tissues. This makes you urinate more, leaving you feeling dehydrated. To quench your thirst you drink more, which further leads to more frequent urination. On average, a healthy person urinates around 6-7 times a day. If you urinate anywhere between 4 and 10 times a day, then it is normal. So, if you think you are urinating frequently, you should a visit a diabetes clinic in Delhi or consult a diabetes specialist in Delhi NCR.
Excessive hunger (polyphagia) is another common symptom, and with increased thirst and urination, makes up for the three major symptoms of diabetes. If the body is unable to produce enough insulin or if the insulin doesn’t responds in the normal way, the body is unable to convert food into glucose that is needed by cells for energy. This causes an increase in hunger, that doesn’t go away even after eating. In fact, eating only raises the blood sugar levels higher. If you keep eating and hunger persists, you should consult a diabetes doctor in Delhi, even if you don’t have other symptoms associated with diabetes.
Constant fatigue is another common symptom of diabetes. People with diabetes feel tired and sleepy all the time for the same reason they feel hungry, i.e., the cells don’t have enough glucose for energy. Dehydration due to frequent urination is also a contributing factor. But, keep in mind that fatigue can be a symptom of many other conditions too, some of which are not even medical, like a carb heavy diet, too much caffeine, etc. But, when fatigue is accompanied by other symptoms mentioned here, it can be a sign of diabetes, requiring a visit to a diabetes doctor in Delhi.
Blurred vision could be an early sign of diabetes, especially when it is not a sign of more serious eye conditions. Blurred vision is caused by the shifting of fluids, making the lens of your eye swell. It also leads to a change in its shape. This affects the eye’s ability to focus, making things look blurry or fuzzy. These changes in the eye are usually reversible and your vision should go back to normal as soon the blood sugar levels stabilize with proper treatment. However, if the diabetes is left untreated, these changes can lead to blindness.
Unexplained Weight Loss
Unexplained weight loss means that you lose lots of weight without dieting or exercising. As your body is unable to use glucose as a source of energy, it starts burning fat and muscle for energy. This leads to weight loss. Dehydration also contributes to weight loss, as all fluids available are used by the body to produce urine. Unexplained weight loss is a common symptom of type 1 diabetes, but it can affect people suffering from type 2 diabetes as well.
As mentioned earlier, when your body excretes excess sugar with your urine, it takes along with it fluid from other tissues of the body, including the skin. Dry skin can make you itchy and as you scratch your dry skin, it furthers breaks your skin and can lead to infections. Yeast infection, which is common in people with diabetes, could be another reason for itchy skin.
Wounds or cuts that take time to heal are often a sign of diabetes. High blood sugar levels not only increase inflammation in cuts, but also lead to poor blood circulation, making it difficult for blood to reach and repair the damaged areas. This especially holds true when it comes to feet and it is very common for people with diabetes to develop foot sores that can lead to more serious problems. If you notice that cuts or wounds are taking longer than usual to heal, be sure to visit a diabetes specialist in Delhi.
Dark Patches of Skin
Canthosis Nigricans is a skin condition. It presents itself in dark patches of skin that have a velvety texture. These dark patches usually appear where the skin folds or creases, like armpits, on the neck, in the groin, behind the knees, knuckles of the fingers, and inside the elbows. While the condition can affect healthy people too, it is a very common symptom of pre-diabetes or diabetes and should be examined by a diabetes doctor in Delhi.
Another common symptom of diabetes is numbness, tingling, or pain in the hands or feet. As mentioned earlier, high blood sugar causes poor blood circulation, and this in turn leads to nerve damage. As hands and feet are the body parts that are farthest from the heart, they suffer first. As with other symptoms mentioned, keeping a check on blood sugar levels will help.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that if left untreated can cause many serious complications. The earlier diabetes is diagnosed, the better it is, as it will be easier to manage. If you notice any of the mentioned symptoms, especially two or more of them combined, make an appointment with a diabetes specialist in Delhi NCR as soon as possible.