Heart attack, also known as myocardial infarction, is among the leading cause of death in both men and women. In India, 23% of the people who suffer a heart attack do not survive (Source). The main reason behind this is that people fail to follow the medication after they suffering a heart attack, and it gets worse with time. There are treatments available that can help limit heart muscle damage. Procedures like coronary angiogram and coronary balloon angioplasty, along with clot dissolving drugs can open blocked arteries, helping restore circulation to the heart. But in order to optimally benefit the patient and limit the heart damage, these treatments should be given at the earliest during a heart attack.
One of the critical aspects for prompt recognition and treatment of a heart attack is to know the early warning signs of it. Many heart attacks will start slowly, unlike the dramatic portrayal often seen on television and movies. There are chances that the person experiencing a heart attack may not even be sure of what is happening. The symptoms of a heart attack vary from individual to individual, and even a person who had suffered a heart attack previously may have different symptoms in a subsequent heart attack.
Although the most common symptoms of heart attack are chest pain, the victim can experience a diversity of symptoms. Here is a list that describes the symptoms of a heart attack in detail.
Chest Discomfort: This is the hallmark symptom of a heart attack but chest pain can take many different forms. In some cases, there is no chest pain at all. A chest pain during a heart attack is described as a sense of pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain, which originates in the center of the chest. Typically, this pain or discomfort lasts more than a few minutes or can go away and then return. The pain can also spread down to arms, to the back or to the head and neck. This is a primary symptom of a heart attack and can occur in both men and women.
Jaw Pain, Toothache, Headache: Often, the pain of a heart attack can spread down to arms, the jaw or head, or to the back. Some people have also reported tooth pain or headache as symptoms of a heart attack. It is also possible that you may have all of these pains without the chest discomfort during a heart attack.
Shortness of Breath: Among the most common symptoms of a heart attack is feeling short of breath or gasping for air. Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing is medically known as dyspnea. Dyspnea can occur before or during the chest pain of a heart attack, and can be associated with other heart attack symptoms without any chest discomfort.
Nausea: Nausea is a less common symptom of a heart attack. Many times even belching and burping can accompany nausea. Some patients have even described a feeling similar to that of indigestion associated with heart attack. There have also been reports by some patients describing a feeling as though they are developing the flu.
Vomiting: Sometimes, the nausea that accompanies a heart attack can be so severe that vomiting might occur.
General Epigastric: Many times that pain of a heart attack is described as a stomach ache or pain in the middle of the abdomen. Rather than sharp, stabbing pain, this pain usually feels more like discomfort or heaviness. This pain tends to persist more than a few minutes. Again, this can occur with or without pain in the chest area.
Heartburn and/or Indigestion: As mentioned above, some people experiencing a heart attack describe a feeling of indigestion accompanied with belching and burping. Similarly, the pain and pressure of a heart attack may occur in the upper middle abdominal area, which is similar to the pain of heartburn.
Upper Back Pain: Another common location for the spread of the pain from a heart attack is the upper back area. The back pain that stems from a heart attack is described as occurring between the shoulder blades.
General Malaise: General malaise means a feeling of being unwell, like you are coming down with an illness. This feeling can accompany a heart attack,which is best defined as fatigue,and at times, lightheadedness. Experiencing anxiety or panic during the heart attack is also common.
Sweating: Sweating or perspiration often accompanies a heart attack. This feeling has been described by people like they are breaking out in a cold sweat.
Many a times, there is confusion between the terms “cardiac arrest’ and ‘heart attack’. A heart attack is the damage caused to the heart muscle due to reduced blood flow to the muscles, depriving the heart muscle of the oxygen it needs to function properly. Cardiac arrest, on the other hand, means that the heart stops beating and the death is imminent. If the heart attack is severe, it can lead to cardiac arrest, and this is what occurs when a heart attack is fatal. However, conditions like serious arrhythmias or shock can also lead cardiac arrest.
Many a times heart attacks are silent i.e. they occur without chest pain or any other symptoms. Silent heart attacks are common especially among patients with diabetes mellitus. A heart attack can happen with vague or mild symptoms or no symptoms at all, it is important to remember that these heart attacks can be just as serious and life-threatening as heart attack with severe chest pain. Too often, victims attribute heart attack symptoms to indigestion, fatigue and delay seeking prompt medical attention. Not enough emphasis can be placed on the importance of seeking prompt medical attention. Early diagnoses and treatment of a heart attack can help save lives,and a delay in treatment, on the other hand, can lead to reduced function of the heart which can be fatal.
At Intelligent Ageing, we have the best heart specialists in Delhi – NCR who use techniques that are similar to traditional and natural way of treatment. The techniques, used by the best heart specialists in Delhi, recognize the root-cause of disease, most of which are our lifestyle choices. The natural treatment for heart disease will leave your body in a sound condition with no side – effects usually associated with allopathic medicines. The treatment can also help prevent coronary heart disease in individuals and to optimize health through lifestyle changes and track the results, Intelligent Ageing uses modern day health APP to track the health 24×7, 365 days a year, monitored continually by lifestyle coaches.