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Know All the Facts about Thyroid Disease

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One of the drawbacks of living in the current day and age is that the ailments that humans face today are more complex or evolved than they were earlier. Thankfully, medical sciences and healthcare tools have also advanced well over the years thus making the search for a solution quicker and easier. However, when it comes to managing diseases, we must devote equal attention to both prevention and cure.

With over 42 million of the Indian population suffering from thyroid disorders and more being added to this number, we need to gain awareness about such ailments and undertake the right measures at the right time to control them.

What Does Thyroid Disease Refer to?

Thyroid disorders, to begin with, are medical conditions that affect the butterfly-shaped thyroid gland, located in front of the neck, wrapped around the trachea. These disorders affect thyroid in many ways, mainly structurally or functionally.

An endocrine organ, thyroid is vital as it aids in the regulation of various metabolic activities in the body. This gland consists of two lobes that are joined by an isthmus, and utilizes iodine to produces hormones, known as thyroid hormones that help with protein synthesis and regulation of metabolic rate.

A small portion of the primary hormone, thyroxine or T4, after its delivery to the body tissues via the blood stream, is changed into triiodothyronine (T3). A feedback mechanism that involves the brain is responsible for the regulation of thyroid gland. The hypothalamus and the pituitary gland control the thyroid gland, and any issue or disorder of these structures can also affect the functioning of the thyroid glands, leading to a disorder.

Specific Kinds of Thyroid Disorders

According to thyroid specialists in Delhi, thyroid disorders can present themselves in various ways. These disorders can be as small as an infection of the gland or as big as thyroid gland cancer. Taking advice from some of the best doctors for thyroid in Delhi further reveals that most of these thyroid disorders have symptoms that are as common as fatigue or dry skin and even depression.

Facts like this bring out the importance of awareness of thyroid disorders even more. To help you in this case, mentioned below are some of the commonly witnessed thyroid ailments and their symptoms as explained by thyroid specialists in Delhi.

Hyperthyroidism–

This disorder results from over activity of the thyroid glands. This disorder can be explained by overproduction of thyroid hormone. Our expert thyroid doctors in Delhi at Intelligent Ageing have put forth several causes behind this condition, including –Graves’ disease, toxic multi-nodular goitre, over expression of thyroid hormone by thyroid nodules, overconsumption of iodine, and so on.

Some reports suggest that women are more at risk of suffering from hyperthyroidism than men. The clear symptoms of thyroid disorder that you should watch out for as per thyroid specialists in Delhi are – nervousness, restlessness, fatigue, tremor, fast heart rate, increased sweating, intolerance for heat, anxiety, poor concentration, troubled sleeping, weight loss, irritability etc.

Hypothyroidism–

A more common thyroid disorder than hyperthyroidism, “hypothyroidism” is caused by an insufficient production of thyroid hormone in the body of an individual. Problems with the thyroid gland or pituitary gland or the hypothalamus, is generally the cause behind the development of this ailment. Inflammation or thyroid hormone resistance, surgical removal of the thyroid gland, Hashimoto’s disease are a few among the causes that lead to hypothyroidism.

Thyroid specialists state that the symptoms of Hypothyroidism include constipation, chills, dry skin, poor concentration, depression, joint and muscle pain. Prolonged menstrual bleeding in women is also one of the symptoms of hypothyroidism.

Goitre–

Goitre is one of the commoner ailments among thyroid disorders; it refers to an enlargement of the thyroid gland. This enlargement of the gland is non-cancerous and normally painless. As the size of the thyroid gland increases, it can make regular activities such as swallowing or breathing difficult for the patient.

Some of the best doctors for thyroid in Delhi do point out the fact that goitres are more specific and are often associated with other thyroid disorders such as “hypothyroidism” or hyperthyroidism. The common causes include – Graves’ disease, Hashimoto’s disease and a deficiency of iodine in the body. When suffering from goitre, you may face symptoms such as hoarseness, tightness in the throat, swelling at the base of the neck, coughing and so on.

Thyroid Nodules–

As is suggestive from the name, thyroid nodules are outgrowths or nodular formations on the surface of or within the thyroid gland. These nodules can either be solid or filled with fluid, and although in half the cases they are tiny in size, in certain instances they may grow to a size where they can be felt.
Thyroid nodules are mostly benign but their chances of being malignant are not completely out of question. Even though some reports suggest that thyroid nodules show up in women more than they do in men, the chances of suffering from these increases for both the sexes with increase in age.

Thyroid doctors in Noida and Delhi assert that the symptoms faced by the patients may vary depending on their cases. In some cases, thyroid nodules produce excess levels of thyroid hormones, and the symptoms include nervousness, tremors, increases appetite, weight loss, high pulse rate, clammy skin etc.
In other cases, where the nodules are associated to Hashimoto’s disease, the symptoms are similar to that of hypothyroidism, including weight gain, hair loss, intolerance for cold, fatigue, loss of hair and so on.

Diagnosis of Thyroid Disease

On the brighter side, most of the thyroid disorders have proper diagnosis and treatment available. Our thyroid specialists in Delhi and Noida further explain that besides studying a patient’s medical history and suggesting physical exams, the diagnosis of thyroid disorder can include specialized tests too.
Blood Tests – These are typically done to measure TSH and thyroid hormone levels. Such tests also aid in the identification of antibodies against thyroid tissues and hence may be advised by your doctor.

Imaging Tests – Imaging tests are generally advised for patients suffering from thyroid gland enlargement or thyroid nodules. By visualizing the texture of the tissues within the gland, imaging tests like ultrasound expose unnatural formations such as cysts or calcification’s within. However, these tests can do you no help in figuring whether or not the formation is malignant.

Radioactive Iodine Uptake Scan – Time and again, experts have also pointed out the significance of thyroid scans using radioactive iodine in the evaluation of thyroid disorders such as nodules. Thyroid happens to be the only gland that intakes iodine. Thus the intake of radioactive iodine by thyroid tissues can be easily detected by an imaging test.

Nodules produce thyroid hormones and take up excess iodine which can be detected through imaging tests. Such areas are referred to as “hot” nodules and those that intake less iodine are “cold”.

Fine Needle Aspiration and Biopsy–These techniques involve the removal of a sample of cells or tissues by a pathologist for examination and diagnosis. FNAs or Fine needle aspirations generally require thin and long needles to withdraw cells from thyroid and can be performed within the doctor’s office too. In some cases, these procedures can also employ ultrasound imaging for guidance. Biopsy is more about the surgical sampling of tissues.

Treatment

The treatment offered by our thyroid specialists in Delhi depends on the type of thyroid disease a person is suffering from. Where the treatment in some cases may involve medications, there are cases that require the patient to undergo surgery as well.

Thyroid Medicines

To make up for the lack of thyroid hormone in hypothyroidism patients, doctors often prescribe medications. These medicine or pills are synthetic hormones that the patient has to take orally. There are pills available for patients of hyperthyroidism as well, to reduce the production of thyroid hormones by preventing its release from the gland. Doctors also prescribe medications to the patients of hyperthyroidism to help manage other symptoms of the ailment such as intensified heart rate.

Other than medications, radioactive ablation is also a known treatment for hyperthyroidism. As a part of this treatment, doctors give radioactivity labelled doses of iodine to the patients that destroys the thyroid tissues.

Thyroid Surgery

Thyroid surgeries are generally suggested for the removal of a hyper functioning nodule or big sized goitre from the patients’ body. Thyroid cancers also make it necessary for thyroid patients to undergo surgeries.

People with Graves’ disease might also need to go for surgeries, although the availability of treatments such as anti-thyroid medications and RAI therapy has greatly lessened the requirement.

However, one thing that thyroid patients must note is that medications or surgeries are an unavoidable part of thyroid diseases. Often times a change in diet and lifestyle is enough to control a disorder or properly regulate the functions of thyroid gland.

At Intelligent Ageing, we to treat such disorders not with conventional medications but lifestyle changes, organic diet, aerobics and meditation sessions. Having employed some of the most skillful doctors for thyroid treatment in Delhi, we offer treatment even for cases where usual medications have failed.

Acting in the right time could save you a lot of hassles. So don’t wait until your disease is grave; seek the right help while it is still early.

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