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  • Genome: What are the Benefits of Gene Therapy?

Genome: What are the Benefits of Gene Therapy?

Benefits of Gene Therapy

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What is Genome?

  • A genome is a set of complete genes or genetic material which is present in a cell or organism.
  • Each genome consists of all the information that is required to build and maintain that particular organism.
  • In humans, a copy of the entire genome contains more than 3 billion DNA base pairs.
  • All human cells have a copy of the entire genome.
  • Gene therapy is designed in a way that can introduce genetic material into cells to compensate for abnormal genes or to make a beneficial protein.

Why is Gene Therapy Advocated?

  • Gene therapy holds great promise for the treatment of inherited disorders and cancer.
  • Gene therapy can also prove to be helpful in restoring fertility.
  • It involves a therapeutic delivery of nucleic acid polymers into a patient’s cell as a drug to treat a disease.
  • Gene therapy is different from traditional medicine in the sense that it treats underlying genetic problems rather than just symptoms.
  • Genetic disorders caused in consequence of mutations in single genes can be treated effectively using gene therapy.

How does Gene Therapy Work?

  • Organic gene therapy is employed to deliver efficient and excellent results.
  • Healthcare professionals have an in-depth understanding of complexities of genetic material and use viable ways to target the root of the disorder.
  • A thorough analysis of the disorder, tissues affected by it, the role of a protein encoded by its gene within the cells of that tissue, and effect of mutations in genes and its impact on protein’s function is done.
  • In some cases, a misbehaving protein which might do something, it is not supposed to or which prevents another protein from doing its job is removed to correct defective gene codes.
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